Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir Charged in Connection With Killing of Protesters

CAIRO — Sudan’s former president, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, has been charged over his role in the killing of protesters during demonstrations that led to his ouster last month, the nation’s public prosecutor said in a statement on Monday.

The prosecutor’s office accused Mr. al-Bashir and others of “inciting and criminal complicity” in the deaths of demonstrators, according to Sudan’s official news agency.

The announcement came on a day of bloody clashes in Khartoum, the capital, between armed groups of unclear affiliation and protesters who are demanding civilian rule. The military denied any role in the violence and blamed saboteurs for the deaths.

On Tuesday, the Sudan Doctors Committee said six people had been killed, including an army officer, during clashes overnight in several parts of the country. Protest organizers urged people to rally again, saying on Twitter that “our moral obligation to protect and complete our revolution is rising.”

The doctor was one of 90 people who have been killed in the protests throughout Sudan since December, according to the Central Committee of Sudan Doctors, which has been tracking casualties. The government lists 65 as dead. Until Monday, no senior government figures had been held to account.

In the case of Dr. Babiker, prosecutors have been seeking witnesses and gathering evidence in relation to his death, according to a relative who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the investigation.

Mr. al-Bashir’s fate, once the sole focus of pro-democracy protesters, has moved into the background in recent weeks as protest leaders have negotiated with the country’s generals over whether the country should be run by civilian or military leaders.

But hours later that optimism was challenged when paramilitary forces fired tear gas at protesters, in an apparent attempt to disperse them.

Photos and live video footage posted to the internet showed hundreds of young men gathered in the street, facing off against soldiers. During clashes, troops wielding canes thrashed protesters, witnesses said, while other soldiers fired live ammunition into the air.

Responding to the violence, more protesters rushed to the scene to confront the troops. By nightfall, some burned tires and trees in the street. Gunfire rang out late into the evening.

The Sudan Doctors Association later said that 12 people had been injured during clashes with the military, including eight at the central protest site. Reporters at hospitals said several people had been treated for gunshot wounds.

In a statement late Monday, the military said the unrest was caused by “parties seeking to sabotage the revolution,” which it accused of opening fire on both soldiers and protesters. Without identifying the culprits, the military said they were “agitated” by progress in political talks earlier that day.

It appeared to be the most concerted attempt yet to break up the popular movement that was instrumental in the removal of Mr. al-Bashir last month. But on the streets of Sudan, where military lines of authority are fluid, it was unclear which armed group was behind the move.

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